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Initially built in 345 AD, Grand Buddha Temple has a profound history of more than 1600 years. Rich in famous historic relics and extensive cultural connotation, it has been promulgated one of the key open temples in China. Known as the birthplace of Chinese Buddhism, Grand Temple was regarded as the earliest Maitreya Bodhimanda(worshiping venue) and one of the ancestral homes of Tiantai Sect and Lv Sect during Six Dynasties. Attracting eminent monks and men of virtues, Grand Temple was visited or shortly stayed by numbers of poets and calligraphers along history such as Wang Xizhi, Li Bai, Meng Haoran, Mi Fu, Yan Zhenqing, Master Hong Yi, Zhao Piaochu and Matsuura Tomomiku from Japan, thus has been decorated by hundreds of dedicated cultural relics since then.

Address: No. 117, Renming Road (west), Chengguan Town, Xinchang County, Zhejiang Province

Tel: 0575-86383030

Summer Time: 16th Apr. — 7th Oct. 5:30-17:30 Winter Time: 8th Oct.—15th Apr. 6:00-17:00

  • White Cloud Lake

    According to the historical records......

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  • Condor Shooting Village

    Condor Shooting Village is known f......

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  • Fossil Woods Forest

     Fossil Woods Forest is known as a ......

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  • Shuanglin Grotto

    Shuanglin Grotto, also known as “Re......

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  • Huayan Nunnery

    Huayan Nunnery, built by Miao Zhi t......

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  • Outdoor Maitreya

    With a height of 30 meters (his hea......

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  • Arhat Cave

    Arhat cave was formerly called “Cro......

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  • Buddhist Cultural Wall

    Buddhist Cultural Wall is 36 meters......

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  • Buddha Heart Square

    Buddha Heart Square is famous for c......

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  • Qiguang Temple

    Qiguang Temple, built by Zhi Dun, a......

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  • Prajna Valley

    Prajna is a word used in Sanskrit, ......

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  • Grand Buddha Temple

    Grand Buddha Temple, also known as ......

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  • Commemorative Pagoda

    This Pagoda was built in commemorat......

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  • Free Life Pond

    ​Free Life Pond, formerly known as ......

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  • Ancient Temple

    ​On the memorial arch are four larg......

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  • Cave Statue of Maitreya

    Cave Statue of Maitreya was excavat......

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  • New Mahavira Hall

    New Mahavira Hall, built in 1994, c......

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  • Great Mercy Pavilion

      Completed in 1999, Great Compassi......

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  • Thousand Buddha Temple

    Thousand Buddha Temple

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  • Town God Temple

    Town God Temple was initially cons......

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  • Cliff Inscriptions

    Cliff ​Inscriptions are virtually m......

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  • Tan Guang Thera Stupa

    ‍‍  This Stupa was built in 1994 in......

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  • New Union

    New Union was firstly founded by Zh......

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White Cloud Lake

According to the historical records, Liu Changqing (famous poet in Tang Dynasty) once built Bi Jian Villa along White Cloud Lake lying at the foot of Stone  Town. White Cloud  Lake became famous for a line written by Liu: “who comes to white cloud when we share no sympathy in each other?”. Made up of Buddha Karma Bridge, Buddha Enlightening Bridge, White Cloud Bridge, Blue Sky Pavilion, White Cloud Pavilion, White Cloud Square, Camphor Square, White Cloud Lake, with greening rate of 90%, covers an area of 2.6 thousand square meters.



Condor Shooting Village

Condor Shooting  Village is known for Legend of Condor Heroes, a TV series shot here. As one of the shooting bases for CCTV, hundreds of works such as Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils, The Phoenix seeks a Mate and Lotus Lantern were filmed here. In this scene, there are many interesting spots including Niujia village, Qusan Wineshop, Maple Woods Inn, Antie Ying’s Yard, Guo and Yang’s Yard, Watermill, Eight Diagrams Study, Xima Xiangru Maison, Wenjun Wineshop…


Fossil Woods Forest

  Fossil Woods Forest is known as a grand collection of 7 kinds of fossil woods unique in Xinchang, that is, more than 30 trees, the highest of which soars to 14 meters. With an age of 70 million to 200 million, these fossil woods are regarded as important materials on studying climate, crust movements and bio-history in ancient times in East China and also functions as an ideal place for popular science education where youth are able to take a closer and careful observation of these rare and valuable trees. (Also known as “longevity stones”, Fossil woods belongs to araucaria and was initially originated from pines, cypress and firs in primordial forest.)

Shuanglin Grotto

  Shuanglin Grotto, also known as “Reclining  Buddha Temple” was completed and opened to the public at the beginning of the year 2007. Reclining Buddha inside the temple, with a length of 37 meters and a height of 99 meters, is lying towards the west, vividly displaying the serene, peaceful, wise and fulfilled scene when Sakyamuni got his Nirvana under the sala tree. Therefore, the statue of Buddha is regarded as the prominent example of contemporary grotto arts and reputed as “the Greatest Reclining Buddha in Asia”.

Huayan Nunnery

Huayan Nunnery, built by Miao Zhi the Nun in 1992, relocated into the secluded valley between Crouching Tiger Cliff and Elephant Trunk Mountain due to the transformation of the old city in 1994. Huayan Nunnery was exquisitely built along the mountains with yellow walls and dark grey roofs. Listening to the beautiful sound of the dancing bamboos, you may find landscape around the Nunnery calm and peaceful.


Outdoor Maitreya

  With a height of 30 meters (his head covers 10 meters), Outdoor Maitreya can be praised as the perfect combination of a natural mountain and a man-made head. The Buddha, with the blue sky above, is grinning happily, charmingly naive. The mountain is like a statue of Buddha, while the Buddha is like a mountain, therefore this spot is also called “Holy Buddha  Mountain”.


Arhat Cave

Arhat cave was formerly called “Crouching  Tiger Cave”. Stone arch was built here during Qian Long Period of Qing Dyansty (1787), unfortunately deserted today. Drawing inspirations from the allusion Five Hundred Arhats Worshipping Guanyin, the Cave was transformed into a world of five hundred arhats who were all floating across the ocean. These figures were clayed and colored, vividly displaying various gestures, which is rarely seen inChina.


Buddhist Cultural Wall

Buddhist Cultural Wall is 36 meters in length and 5 meters in height. Centered on the religious assembly of West Paradise of “the Giant Buddha in the south of the Yangtze River”, Buddha Cultural Wall displays, from left to right, the Buddhist cultural revolution of Grand Buddha during more than 1600 years: one rising period, one peak, four decaying periods and four prosperous periods.


Buddha Heart Square

Buddha Heart Square is famous for carved letters “Fo” (Buddha) by Master Hong Yi and “Xin” (heart), especially the letter “Fo” is 20 meters tall and 13.5 meters wide. Master Hui Neng once said “I myself can become Buddha when he is inside my heart, Buddha cannot be found anywhere if there is no Buddha in your heart”. Poem Stone Town Temple written by Li Bai was carved in the Old Well Pavilion and Poem  Worshipping Stone Town City of Tan County in the Twelfth Month of the Lunar Year written by Meng Haoran was carved on the screen wall of the Square.


Qiguang Temple

  Qiguang Temple, built by Zhi Dun, an eminent monk in Eastern Jin Dynasty in his old age, shares the same reputation with Stone Town Temple (Grand Buddha Temple) and Yuanhua Temple (Thousand Buddha Temple). Zhi Dun, the builder is also the creator of Jise Sect which is one of the Six Schools and Seven Sects in Prajna in Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Father of “Taste Zen in Tea” and one of the founders who Chinesized Buddhism. Reconstructed in 2008, Qiguang Temple became an architectural complex including the Hall of Heavenly King, the Hall of Three Buddha, the Hall of ksitigarbha, the Drum Tower, Sutra Depository, Lecture Hall, Juehai Hall, “Taste Zen in Tea ” Chamber, Master Zhi Dun’s Tower, Master Wu Dao’s Stupa, Qiguang Pagoda and other wing rooms.

Prajna Valley

Prajna is a word used in Sanskrit, implying the wisdom of Buddha. Prajna Valley, originally a underground quarry in Qing Dynasty, today centers on Prajna Culture, exhibiting the profound history of Chinesized Buddhism by the means of line carving, cameo and colored painting and manifesting the importance of Xinchang in the development of Prajna. Prajna Valley, first completed and opened to the public in 2002, is an outstanding example of exploiting and utilizing abandoned mines inChina. This “Underground Buddha Land” has been rewarded many medals such as the Gold Medal of Civil Demonstrative Project in Zhejiang  Province.


Grand Buddha Temple

Grand Buddha Temple, also known as “Temple Hidden in Mountains” was initially built in 345 AD. Combined with Yuanhua Temple, Qiguang Temple, Grand Buddha Temple made up of Stone Town Temple in the middle of Liang Tianjian Period. The Temple has a long history of more than 1600 years during which its named has been changed into Ruixiang Temple in Wu and Yue Period, Baoxiang Temple at the beginning of the Song Dynasty and eventually Grand Buddha Temple at the end of the Qing Dynasty. In 1983, the temple has been announced to be one of the key open temples inChinain the first batch by the State Council. Built along the curves of the mountain, Grand Buddha Temple is regarded as a remaining example of early temple architectural styles with its unique and complex features. Hidden inside the temple are various scenic spots such as Stone Statue of Maitreya, Monk Zhi Dun’s Tomb, Tan Guang the Founder’s Stupa, Commemorative Pagoda of Wise Master, the Hall of Heavenly King, Mahavira Hall, Great Compassion Chamber, Natural Fairy  Land, Free Life Pond and Cliff Inscriptions.


Commemorative Pagoda

  Commemorative Pagoda of Wise Master was built in commemoration of Zhi Yi, the founder of Tiantai Sect who used to worship the grand Statue of Maitreya in Xinchang. At the invitation of Yang Guang, the Royal Highness of Sui Dynasty, Wise Master departed from Tiantai Mountain and headed to Yangzhou. When getting through Stone Town  Temple, he passed into Parinirvana in front of the grand Statue of Maitreya at the age of 60. Monks in the temple built the Commemorative Pagoda of Wise Master, enshrining his clothes and belongings inside.


Free Life Pond

  Free Life Pond, formerly known as Jiaxi Pond, was converted by Bao Guang the monk during Guangxu Period (1875-1908) at the end of Qing Dynasty. Dredged in Republican Period, the Pond was used to set fishes free for worshippers. Carved into the Cliff by the Pond are three names of Buddha: Bodhisattva of freedom, Namo Amita Buddha and Manjusri Bodhisattva, noted as “Three Sages of Western World”.

Ancient Temple

  On the memorial arch are four large letters “Shi Cheng Gu Cha” (Ancient Temple in Stone Town) written by famous calligrapher Sha Menghai. The pair of couplet written on the stone pillars in Song Dynasty was composed by Chen Shan (an revolutionary veteran cadre in Xinchang, famous poet) and inscribed by Professor Su Juxian from East China Normal University. This pair of couplet shows the profound and arduous history of carving statues of Buddha out of Mountains in Grand Buddha Temple and highly summarizes the origin, importance and influences of Buddhism in Stone Town.

Cave Statue of Maitreya

Cave Statue of Maitreya was excavated for almost 30 years by Monk Hu, Monk Shu and Monk You of three generations, and eventually completed in Yongming Period (486-516) of Country Qi in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Noted as the “Miracle of Three Monks”, the statue is regarded as the oldest extant Cave Buddha in the world due to its profound history of more than 15 years. Cave Statue of Maitreya reaches 16 meters high with a head of 4.8 meters, each ear of 2.8 meters and two knees of 10.6 meters apart. With legs in lotus position and hands in dhyana mudra gesture, the exquisite statue of Maitreya becomes only remaining relics of the early period of grotto art in southern region of the Yangtze  River. Famous literary critic Liu Miao in the Southern Dynasty once gave high praise to this “the Giant Buddha in the south of the Yangtze River”: invaluable Treasure, incomparable karma. Now Cave Statue of Maitreya becomes one of the Important Historical Monuments under Special Preservation.


New Mahavira Hall

New Mahavira Hall, built in 1994, covers an area of 588 square meters. Facing the South, the Hall looks magnificent and lofty with gable and hip roof with multiple eaves. The hall is dedicated to “Horizontal III Buddha”: Medicine Guru Buddha from Oriental Pure Land; Sakyamuni Buddha from Sava Universe; Amita Buddha from Sukhavati (Western Paradise) At the Back of III Buddha stands Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva (Bodhisattva with 1000 hands and 1000 eyes) carved from camphor wood. New Mahavira Hall functions as the main venue for worshiping and performing Buddhist ceremonies. 


Great Mercy Pavilion

  Completed in 1999, Great Compassion Monastery covers an area of 961 square meters. The Monastery is dedicated to Avalokitesvara (Guanyin Bodhisattva), including many worshiping halls such as Great Compassion Chamber, Avatamsaka Realm, Revealing Pavilion, Grand Master Hall and Chanting Chamber. Great Compassion Chamber acts as the main shrine, exquisite and magnificent, consecrating the statue of Free Guanyin at the first floor and Thousand-hand and Thousand-eye Bodhisattva and his Nirmanakaya (response bodies). In front of the Chamber stands a brick-carved screen wall displaying the scene of Eighteen Arhats worshipping Guanyin. The screen wall, with 16.2 meters long and 5.8 meters tall, is ingeniously designed to make every figure vividly portrayed, fully showing its class and charm.

Thousand Buddha Temple

Thousand Buddha Temple, formerly known as Yuan  Hua Temple, was founded in Eastern Jin Dynasty by two eminent monks named Yu Falan and Yu Fakai. During the third year of Yongming Period in Southern Qi Dynasty, more than a thousand little statue of Buddha were excavated, therefore gave the temple its name “Thousand  Buddha Temple”. The Temple has two caves adjacent to each other. The large cave is about 17.95 meters wide, 10.3 meters deep and 7 meters tall, containing 1040 statues of Buddha and the small one is about 6.55 meters wide, 4.25 meters deep and 6 meters tall, containing 35 statues of Buddha. Damaged but rare, these statues of Buddha were primarily created in artistic styles of Southern Dynasty, therefore are regarded as Important Historical Monuments under Special Preservation like Cave Statue of Maitreya and included into Encyclopedia ofChina(Art Volume) and The World Art collection (Northern and Southern Dynasties).


Town God Temple

Town God Temple was initially constructed in Song Dynasty and had been renovated for many times in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. At the end of 1986, the Temple was formally relocated from the West Gate of the town. On the North-South axis of Town God Temple, buildings are arranged in order: Mountain Gate, Performing Stage, Front Hall and Rear Hall, among which Mountain Gate and Front Hall were built in styles of Qing dynasty. According to relevant records and physical identification, Performing Stage, rarely seen in the Southern area of the Yangtze  River, belongs to architectures in Qing dynasty. With vast of historical relics of Xinchang displayed, Town God Temple is considered to be of great archaeological value. 

Cliff Inscriptions

  Cliff Inscriptions are virtually made along the history by eminent and dedicated people visiting Grand Buddha Temple, among which “Meditate Wall” was written by Mi Fu, alternatively called “Haiyue Waishi”, is a famous calligrapher and painter in Northern Song Dynasty, noted for his bold but steady and elegant calligraphy. “Lai Gong Dian” (Enlightening Together) includes three letters with profound meaning. “Shao You Dong Tian” (unique but hidden spots) was letters written by calligrapher Mao Yupei from Fengtian (today known as Shenyang  Province).

Tan Guang Thera Stupa

  This Stupa was built in 1994 in commemoration of Tan Guang, the founder of Grand Buddha Temple. Tan Guang (226 —396 ), eminent monk from Kun Shan in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, studied Zen from an early age, therefore was reputed as “the Father of Practicing Zen” in Zhejiang Province in General Records of Zhejiang. Tan Guang stayed permanently in Stone Town Temple for 53 years,and passed away at the age of 110.


New Union

New Union was firstly founded by Zhang Zaiyang (Governor of Zhejiang Province from Year 11-13 in the Republic of China) in 1925. With the fund of Fellow Villager Union of Zhejiang and Hangzhou, he established a gathering place called New Union. Surrounded by dense trees, this place looks calm and peaceful. Using rapid cursive style of writing, Master Hong Yi inscribed four letters “Tian Ran Xian Jing” (Natural Wonderland). On the plaques on each side of the place was a pair peculiar couplet written by famous calligrapher Shen Ding’an.